God is removing His wrath from Jerusalem. He will be telling the residents to wake up and return to Jerusalem after the time spent in Babylon.
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17. Starting in verse 17 “the prophet speaks to the ruined city of Jerusalem (vv. 17-23) and pictures her as a mother in a drunken stupor with no children to help her.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002], 57)
“God is saying, ‘Wake up, O Jerusalem. I am going to make you a great city.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 307)
18. “The text does not reveal why no one helped Jerusalem; it only notes the loneliness, the helplessness, and the lack of concern by those who should have cared.” (Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. [Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009], 412)
19. “The consequence of drinking the cup of God’s wrath has caused ‘two things’ to happen to Jerusalem.” (Smith, 413)
“The city of Jerusalem (v. 17) had suffered the double loss of property (‘desolation and destruction’) and human life (‘famine and sword’). (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 823)
“Since Jerusalem was receiving the just consequence for her sins, there was nothing anyone could do to ease her pain. She had to endure it until it was complete, then God would comfort her (51:21-23).” (Smith, 413)
20. “They had no hope because God poured out the fullness of his wrath on them. Those who foolishly ignored God’s holy standard were not realizing just how fearful it is to fall under the curse of God’s wrath.” (Smith, 414)
21. “The initial ‘therefore’ introduces the reversal of God’s wrath on Jerusalem.” (Smith, 414)
22. “God has been pressing the cup of fury to their lips because of their rejection of Christ, but the day is coming when He will remove the cup. The day will come when God will take away judgment and bless them.” (McGee, 307)
23. “The enemies of Israel will not escape the judgment of God.” (McGee, 307)
“One could assume that whoever the enemy is that will hold this cup of wrath will reap the severe consequences of God’s wrath.” (Smith, 415)
Amplified Bible (AMP)
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Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
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New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)
Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002