The Father has given to the Son the ability to do things that only the Father could do. The Son was given the power from the Father.
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19. John provides “two perspectives about Jesus: the powerful divine Son of God and the humble Messenger of God.” (Borchert, Gerald L., The New American Commentary Volume 25A, John 1-11. [Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2002], 237)
“The Son of God not only had authority over the Sabbath; this authority was grounded in relationship. As the Lord’s argument unfolds, we learn that people must accept life because he, Jesus, carries the authority of the Father. The equality factor explodes in dimensions the Jews must have found mind-boggling. Jesus, equal in nature with God; his goals, identical with God’s goals; his will, only subordinate so that people through him could see the Father.” [Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
20. “Not only did the Father show the Son His works and enable Him to do them, but the Father also shared His love.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 306)
Honor to the Son
21. This verse “certainly can mean much more than the physical raising of people from the dead, for certainly Jesus was referring to His gift of spiritual life to the spiritually dead.” (Wiersbe, 306)
“Healing a lame man was nothing. The Father has raised the dead and the Son will soon do the same.” [Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
22. “The Father has given judgmental authority to the Son. Anyone who does not recognize that authority in the Son has denied the authority of the Father—the very authority to give life.” [Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
“You can have everlasting life if you hear His word and believe it. Why? Because the Lord Jesus does what God does, because He raises the dead, and because He is going to judge all men someday.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV: [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 397)
23. “This verse gives the reason that God entrusted all judgment to the Son, i.e., so that all men should honor the Son just as they honor the Father.” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1370)
“Jesus affirmed that the only way anyone can honor the Father is through receiving the Son.” (MacArthur, 1370)
24. “Jesus gives life to whomever He desires. The people who receive that life are identified as those who hear the Word and believe in the Father and the Son. They are the people who have eternal life and never will be condemned (Romans 8:1; Colossians 1:13).” (MacArthur, 1370)
Dead Shall Hear
25. “According to Morris, ‘This shows that what is primarily in mind is the present giving of life that characterizes the ministry of the Son. In Him the last age is vividly present. Men’s eternal destiny is determined by their attitude to Him. Those who are spiritually dead hear His voice, and those who have heard it live. ‘Hear,’ of course, means ‘Hear with appreciation,’ ‘Take heed'” (Morris, p. 318). [Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
Know that as you read the section below that he is speaking about spiritual death. You cannot change or believe after you are physically dead.
“The lost sinner is as lifeless and helpless as a corpse…If you are dead, you are dead! The lost sinner is helpless to save himself, and he certainly cannot give himself life.” (Wiersbe, 306)
“How are dead sinners raised from the dead? By hearing God’s Word and believing on God’s Son…His Word is ‘living and powerful’ (Hebrews 4:12) and can raise sinners from spiritual death.” (Wiersbe, 307)
“‘Everlasting life’ means that they can never die spiritually again, nor can they ever come into judgment (Romans 8:1). To hear His Word and believe means salvation; to reject His Word means condemnation (John 12:48).” (Wiersbe, 307)
26. “Because He has life in Himself, He can share that life with all who will trust Him.” (Wiersbe, 307)
27. Jesus “has the right to execute judgment. He came the first time as the Savior and not to judge, but He is coming the next time as the Judge. At that time, those in the graves will hear His voice. (McGee, 298)
“The title ‘Son of man’ used in John 5:27 refers to Daniel 7:13-14 and is a definite messianic title…The Jews would know this title from their reading of the book of Daniel, and they would know that by using it, Jesus was claiming to be the Messiah, and the Judge.” (Wiersbe, 307)
28. “A major role of the Son is in the eschatology of humanity is his issuance of this decisive call, which summons the dead from the tombs to one of two destinies.” (Borchert, 241)
29. “In this decisive hour the division that takes place will be based on what people have ‘done.’ Because that believing is often superficial (cf. 2:23-25), the integrity of believing is to be judged by a person’s activity, not merely by what a person says.” (Borchert, 241)
“Jesus was not teaching justification by works (see 6:29). In the context, the ‘good’ is believing on the Son so as to receive a new nature that produces good works (3:21; James 2:14-20), while the ‘evil’ done is to reject the Son (the unsaved) and hate the light, which as the result of evil deeds (3:18-19). (MacArthur, 1371)
“In essence, works merely evidence one’s nature as saved or unsaved (Romans 2:5-10), but human works never determine one’s salvation.” (MacArthur, 1371)
30. “In summarizing all He has said from verse 19 on about His equality with God, Jesus claimed that the judgment He exercised was because everything He did was dependent upon the Father’s word and will (cf. vv. 19-20)
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Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
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New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
Borchert, Gerald L., The New American Commentary Volume 25A, John 1-11. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2002
Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV: Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Morris, Leon. The Gospel According to John. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971 [Max Anders and Kenneth O. Gangel (2012). HNTC Vol. 04: John. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004