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Matthew 16:13 Jesus Christ

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Who is Jesus Christ?

This takes place in Gentile territory. Jesus Christ asked His disciples who the people said He was and who they said He was. Who do you think He is?

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to BibleGateway.com or another online Bible.

Matthew 16:13-28

13. “Jesus took His disciples to Gentile territory, in the region of Caesarea Philippi. They were about 120 miles from Jerusalem in the northern part of Palestine.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 57)

“It was a quiet place at the headwaters of the Jordan River, a place long associated with idol worship and pagan deities.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

Why did Jesus have to ask this question?
“A right confession of who He is is basic to salvation (Romans 10:9-10; 1 John 2:18-23; 4:1-3). His person and His work go together and must never be separated.” (Wiersbe, 57)

14. There were various answers to His question.

Christ

15. “Jesus presses the disciples further for their response.” (Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. [Nashville: Broadman Press], 250)

16. “Here is the first time in Matthew that anyone in Jesus’ audiences has unambiguously acknowledged him as the ‘Christ.’” (Blomberg, 251)

17. “He immediately pronounced Peter blessed, meaning that Peter had been the recipient of God’s favor or blessing in the form of truth revealed to Peter’s mind. It was not man who revealed this to Peter.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

“Only the Holy Spirit can make Christ known to any person. Only the Spirit of God can take the things of Christ and reveal them to us.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983, 92)

Rock

18. “Who is the Rock? The Rock is Christ. The church is built upon Christ.” (McGee, 92) 1 Corinthians 3:11

“Christ is the stone, and He says on this rock He will build His church. The church did not come into existence until after the death, resurrection and ascension of Christ, and the sending of the Holy Spirit.” (McGee, 92)

Gates of Hell. A better translation would be ‘gates of hades.’ Hell is the final destiny of all unsaved people after the judgment of the Great White Throne (Revelation 20:11-15). Hades is simply ‘the realm of the dead.’” (Wiersbe, 59)

19. “Nowhere in this passage, or in the rest of the New Testament, are we told that Peter or his successors had any special privilege in the church.” (Wiersbe, 59)

20. “The Lord made this request because the mere knowledge of who He is will not save you. To find salvation you must know who He is and what He did and accept Him by faith.” (McGee, 93)

Death and Resurrection

21. “To this point, Jesus generally had avoided conflict with his opponents. But to fulfill his and the Father’s plan, he must (‘it is necessary’) go to Jerusalem, the heart of hypocritical Judaism, where there would be open conflict.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

Jesus “was saying that he would undergo persecution and rejection by the entire spiritual leadership of Israel.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

“This is the gospel: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, was buried and raised again. You must know who He is. You must know what He did for you. If you know these two things, and by faith believe and receive them, you are saved.” (McGee, 93)

22. “In essence Peter said, ‘You are the Messiah; You are the Son of God. You must not, cannot go to the cross!’ The cross was not in the thinking of the apostles at all, as you can see.” (McGee, 93)

“What was Peter’s mistake? He was thinking like a man, for most men want to escape suffering and death.” (Wiersbe, 60)

“Where do we find the mind of God? In the Word of God. Until Peter was filled with the Spirit, he had a tendency to argue with God’s Word.” (Wiersbe, 60)

Satan

23.” Jesus met Peter’s rebuke with righteous rebuke. Peter had tried to correct Jesus’ thinking, but Jesus showed Peter that it was his thinking that was inaccurate.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

“By addressing Peter as Satan, Jesus was saying that Peter’s remark was representative of the kind of thinking Satan used.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

Deny Self

24. “To deny self does not mean to deny things. It means to give yourself wholly to Christ and share in His shame and death.” (Wiersbe, 60)

“To take up a cross does not mean to carry burdens or have problems. To take up the cross means to identify with Christ in His rejection, shame, suffering and death.” (Wiersbe, 60)

25. “If a disciple spent all his energy focusing on this life here and now, he would lose the entire point of this life, which is investing in the life to come. And the difference between the two is the Messiah-King’s cause.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

26. “If a person does not accept the challenge of true discipleship, he will forfeit both true quality life now and full reward in eternity. There are no gains if a person wastes this life on himself.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

27. “Jesus goes on to remind us that glory indeed awaits ahead but only after suffering. Christ will compensate and exalt all believer (and judge unbelievers) when he returns in his glory, which exactly represents the radiance of God the Father (Hebrews 1:3).” (Bloomberg, 261)

28. “But suffering always leads to glory. This statement would be fulfilled with a week on the Mount of Transfiguration, described in the next chapter.” (Wiersbe, 60)

References

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. Nashville: Broadman Press
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
Robertson, A. T., A Harmony of the Gospels. New York, HarperCollins Publishers
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

 

Sign                                                                                                                          Transfiguration

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