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Matthew 18:15 Forgive

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Forgive

 

What does God want us to do to our neighbors when we have conflict with them? This article shows we are to forgive them.

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to BibleGateway.com or another online Bible.

Matthew 18:15-35

15. “The motive is love, and the goal is to make it as easy as possible for the straying brother or sister to receive the message and make the change. We are to make every effort to avoid public or private humiliation.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

16. “If the offender refuses to make things right, then we may feel free to share the burden with one or two dependable believers.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 65)

17. Next “involves telling the church, presumably so that the entire church becomes involved in the effort to restore.” (The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, [Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014], 1486)

18. This verse “Presupposes that the church is acting according to Jesus’ guidelines given in vv. 15-17 and is generally seeking and sensitive to God’s will.” (Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. [Nashville: Broadman Press], 280)

19-20 “The condition upon which God will base his endorsement of your disciplinary activity is your pursuit of your brother, with the zealous of the Father in your hearts, and with careful attention to the guidelines I have given.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com].

Forgive

21. “The exact number is not important. The numbers involved are presented for emphasis only. “Keep on forgiving endlessly; don’t carry a grudge” is what Jesus was saying. [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

22. “No restriction should be placed on the number of times forgiveness is offered.” (Moody, 1487)

23. “This man had been stealing funds from the king and, when the books were audited, his crime was discovered. In terms of today’s buying power, this was probably equivalent to over $10 million.” (Wiersbe, 67)

“Often obedient and disobedient servants provide a contrast between righteous and wicked behavior. Settling accounts is a natural metaphor for judgment.” (Blomberg, 283)

24. “The talent (v. 24) (talanton) was the largest denomination of money in the Roman world, and ten thousand talents was the largest number employed in that day.” (Moody, 1487)

25. This man was broke. (ever have that feeling?) “Since he is unable to repay his debts, he and his family must be sold along with all their assets, in order to raise at least some funds for the king.” (Blomberg, 283)

“It was not uncommon for servants and indebted free men to be sold as slaves to cover debts they could not pay (Lev. 25:39; 2 Kgs. 4:1).” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

26. “The servant’s plea for patience and his promise to pay back everything were so unrealistic that they could only be the words of a desperate man.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

27. “Sheer grace is at work here.” (Blomberg, 283)

Creditor

28. “But what we forget, when we fail to release a brother from an offense by forgiving him, is that relationships in the family of God go beyond strict justice. [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

29. “This servant also fell to his knees in humility, asking for patience and offering to repay the debt” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

30. “‘He refused’ is literally he was not willing, showing that the servant made a conscious choice to harden his heart.” (Blomberg, 284)

31. The other servants saw what was happening and told the king.

31. “The unforgiving slave gives evidence of never actually receiving the king’s forgiveness, for if he had, a reasonable response would have been forgiveness of the other slave.” (Moody, 1487)

32. “The world’s worst prison is the prison of an unforgiving heart. If we refuse to forgive others, then we are only imprisoning ourselves and causing our own torment.” (Wiersbe, 67)

33. “Because God has forgiven us, we are to forgive each other.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983), 101

34. This verse “cannot be invoked as a support for purgatory; if anything, it supports the idea of the eternal duration of hell since the slave would never have paid off the debt and been released.” (Moody, 1487)

35. “It is not enough to receive God’s forgiveness, or even the forgiveness of others. We must experience that forgiveness in our hearts so that it humbles us and makes us gentle and forgiving toward others.” (Wiersbe, 68)

Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13

 

References

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. Nashville: Broadman Press
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014
Robertson, A. T., A Harmony of the Gospels. New York, HarperCollins Publishers
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

 

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