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Matthew 22:23-46 Sadducees

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Sadducees

The Sadducees had been listening to the Pharisees question Jesus. They came and asked Him a question about whose wife would woman be who was married to seven brothers.

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to BibleGateway.com or another online Bible.

Matthew 22:23-46

23. “The Sadducees’ hypothetical illustration was based on the Jewish law of ‘levirate marriage’ from Deuteronomy 25:5-10.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 80)

24. “The purpose of this custom was to preserve a man’s name should he die without a male heir.” (Wiersbe, 80)

25-27 The Sadducees “envision an extreme situation in which a woman has gone through seven husbands, all brothers, because she has failed to conceive by any of them.” (Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. [Nashville: Broadman Press], 333)

28. “They pose the question, Who will be married to whom when the woman and all seven men have new bodies in this supposed resurrection life?” (Blomberg, 333)

Heaven

29. “Jesus pointed out that the Sadducees were in error. They did not understand the Scriptures. Their assumption that a resurrection would imply a continuation of marriages from this life was unsupported in Scripture. [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

30. “Men and women in heaven will be like the angels, who do not marry or produce offspring. From evidence through the Bible, we may assume that angels are without gender.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

Note: as the angels of God in heaven. [KJV]

31. “Jesus then got down to the real issue—the reality of the resurrection of the dead. Have you not read? pointed out that the religious leaders—the shepherds and teachers of Israel—should have known better. The truth had been made plain in God’s Word.” (cf. 21:42). [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

32. “They are not dead; they are alive. And this is true of your loved ones who are in Christ and are waiting in heaven for you. This is a glorious truth!” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 118)

33. “Even the crowds were astonished and amazed at His answer.” (Wiersbe, 81)

Commandments

34. “The Pharisees had regrouped after Jesus turned their first trap against them in 22:15-22. Seeing the same thing happen to the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together, seeking power and courage in numbers.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

35. “The one expert in the law whom they chose to ask the testing question must have approached Jesus with some trepidation. For the third time in three challenges, the questioner addressed Jesus as Teacher.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

36. “One of their number showed respect for the Lord and His answer (Mark 12:28) and asked a question of his own: ‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?’” (Wiersbe, 81)

37-38. “Jesus drew his answer from the most memorized and recited passage in all the Jewish Scriptures.” (Deuteronomy 6:4-5) [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

39. “Jesus adds a second commandment that is also foundational—Lev 19:18.” (Bromberg, 335)

40. “These two commandments are the greatest because all others flow from them; indeed the whole Old Testament ‘hangs’ on them.” (Blomberg, 335)

Messiah

41. “Jesus now turns the tables on his questioners.” (Blomberg, 336)

42. “Jesus directs his question so as to explore the scriptural nature of messiahship. From whose ancestry is the Messiah to come?” (Blomberg, 336)

43. “The Pharisees’ answer (v. 42b) sets up Jesus’ real question. If the Messiah is merely the human offspring of David, why does David himself speak of him as ‘Lord’”. (Blomberg, 336)

44. “The Lord Jesus is quoting Psalm 110:1.” (McGee, 118)

45. “How could David call his son his Lord?” (McGee, 118)

46. “The result of this day of dialogue was silence on the part of His enemies. They did not ask Jesus any more questions, not because they had believed the truth, but because they were afraid to face the truth.” (Wiersbe, 82)

“Making a decision about Jesus Christ is a matter of life or death. The evidence is there for all to examine. We can examine it defensively and miss the truth. Or we can examine it honestly and humbly, and discover the truth, believe and be saved.” (Wiersbe, 82)

Make a decision about Jesus Christ

References

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. Nashville: Broadman Press
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
Robertson, A. T., A Harmony of the Gospels. New York, HarperCollins Publishers
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

 

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