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Matthew 25:31 Judgment

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Judgment

Jesus is speaking of the judgment which is to come. He will separate the believers from the unbelievers. Those on the right are the believers and on the left are the unbelievers.

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to BibleGateway.com or another online Bible.

Matthew 25:31-46

31. “The scene shifts to the judgment that will take place after the tribulation, following His second coming, when He begins to reign in His earthly kingdom.” (The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, [Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014], 1505)

32. “The separation between ‘sheep’ and ‘goats’ alludes to Ezekiel 34:17-19. Palestinian shepherds frequently had to separate their flocks this way.” (Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. [Nashville: Broadman Press], 376)

“The word nations in Matthew 25:32 means ‘Gentiles,’ and it is in the neuter gender in the Greek.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 92)

33. “’His right [hand]’ refers to a place of honor; the ‘left’ hand, to a place of disgrace (not a third-highest position of honor as in 20:23).” (Blomberg, 376)

Sheep

34. “When God does the blessing, because of the power of his word, what he speaks is equivalent to what he does. So God’s blessing on a person is essentially a bestowal of some kind of benefit.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

35-36. “The gospel of ‘do good’ is not a scriptural message. It is right for believers to do good (Galatians 6:10; Hebrews 13:16), but this is not the way unbelievers can be saved.” (Wiersbe, 93)

“When he was in need, they were the ones who acted in compassion to meet his need. His listing of six needy conditions—hunger, thirst, alienation, nakedness, sickness, and imprisonment—is not exhaustive but representative of all needs that a person might have.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

37-39. “The interesting thing about this judgment is that the sheep individuals are surprised at what they hear. They will not remember having seen the Lord Jesus Christ and ministering to His needs.” (Wiersbe, 93)

“They were not doing them in an attempt to gain admission into the kingdom. The implication from the passage is that while the good deeds do not produce righteousness, those who are righteous do good deeds.” (Moody, 1505)

40. “Just as they lovingly ministered to the believing Jews, they did it to Christ.” (Wiersbe, 93)

“It seems likely that they are the believing Jews from the tribulation period. These are people who will hear the message of the 144,000 and trust Jesus Christ.” (Wiersbe, 93)

Goats

41-43. “The individuals designated goats were judged because they did not trust Jesus Christ and give evidence of that faith by caring for His brethren.” (Wiersbe, 93)

“These are people doomed to eternal punishment.” (Blomberg, 378)

“No Scripture ever indicates that the fallen angels had any subsequent chance to repent. But people do. So no one need join the demons in this fire.” (Blomberg, 379)

44-45. “The goats ask the same kind of question as the sheep did, and Jesus offers a parallel reply. These people are condemned for sins of omission as well as commission. Improper response to Christian witnesses leads to damnation.” (Blomberg, 379)

46. “The unrighteous would go away (a permanent departure) into eternal punishment, but the righteous would enter eternal life. By the time each person stands before the king, his or her eternity is established and cannot be changed. [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

References

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. Nashville: Broadman Press
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014
Robertson, A. T., A Harmony of the Gospels. New York, HarperCollins Publishers
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

 

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