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Matthew 26:57 Caiaphas

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Caiaphas

The trial before Caiaphas, and the Sanhedrin started as soon as Jesus was brought to them.

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

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Matthew 26:57-74

57. “Annas served as high priest from AD 6-15, and five of his sons as well as Caiaphas his son-in-law succeeded him. Caiaphas was high priest from AD 18-36, but Annas was still a power behind the throne (see Luke 3:2).” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 98)

58. “Peter at least starts out more bravely than the rest of the disciples, trailing from a distance, probably trying to make good on his promise of v. 35.” (Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. [Nashville: Broadman Press], 401)

False Testimony

59. The chief priests and the Sanhedrin “are seeking what Matthew calls ‘false evidence,’ that is spurious charges which will make Jesus appear to deserve capital punishment.” (Blomberg, 401)

“Because the religious rulers had no charge against the Lord Jesus, they had to find false witnesses.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 143)

60. “Finally, they found two witnesses.” (McGee, 143)

61. “According to John 2:19-22, even the disciples misunderstood Jesus when He made the statement:’ Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’” (McGee, 143)

Opened Not His Mouth (KJV)

62. Caiaphas “tries to get the Lord Jesus to answer so the Sanhedrin will know what kind of an argument to use. The accusation is so absolutely farfetched that our Lord does not answer it.” (McGee, 143)

63. “Caiaphas knew that Jesus claimed to be the Son of God (John 10:30-33), so he put Him under oath to declare this. The clever priest knew that Jesus could not avoid replying.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 98)

64. “You have said it yourself (v. 64; cf. 26:25; 27:11) was an affirmative response to Caiaphas, and the reaction of the members of the Sanhedrin indicated that they took it that way.” (The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, [Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014], 1509)

65. “Without even considering the evidence, Caiaphas passed the sentence.” (Wiersbe, 99)

66. “Now the council has clear testimony which they regard as blasphemous.” (Blomberg, 403)

67. “Spitting in a person’s face was one of the deepest insults possible. It was also against Jewish law. They struck him with their fists and slapped him.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

68. “Only Mark 14:65 and Luke 22:64 recorded that Jesus was blindfolded.” [Max Anders and Stuart K. Weber (2012). HNTC Vol. 01: Matthew. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]

Peter

69. “A servant girl claims to recognize Peter as one of Jesus’ companions.” (Blomberg, 404)

70. “Peter denies the charge. He claims not even to know what she is talking about.” (Blomberg, 404)

71. “Another woman sees him and makes the same charge. This time Peter denies even knowing Jesus.” (Blomberg, 404)

72. “He uses an oath, probably invoking the name of God to solemnize the alleged truth of the statement.” (Blomberg, 404)

73. “Several individuals press charges against Peter more insistently. His accent gives him away as a Galilean not a Judean.” (Blomberg, 404)

74. “The third denial and the second cock-crow climaxed the test, and Peter failed.” (Wiersbe,99)

75. “The crowing of the cock reminded Peter of the word of Jesus. It was at that time that Jesus turned and looked at Peter (Luke 22:61), and that look of love broke the apostle’s heart. Peter went out and wept bitterly.” (Wiersbe, 99)

References

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Blomberg, Craig L., The New American Commentary, Volume 22, Matthew. Nashville: Broadman Press
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
The Moody Bible Commentary, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, Moody Publishers, Chicago, IL, 2014
Robertson, A. T., A Harmony of the Gospels. New York, HarperCollins Publishers
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

 

Arrest                                                                                                  Judas

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