Skip to content

Romans 8:1 Spirit

Print or Share


What does the Spirt do for the Christian? If we belong to Jesus, the Spirit helps us live for Him. Can Christians break the power of sin in our lives?

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to or another online Bible.

Romans 8:1-17

1. “The basis for this wonderful assurance is the phrase ‘in Christ Jesus.’ In Adam, we were condemned. In Christ, there is no condemnation!” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 538)

“No sin a believer can commit—past, present, or future—can be held against him, since the penalty was paid by Christ and righteousness was imputed to the believer.” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1529)

2. “And why is there no condemnation? Because the law of the Spirit, that is, life in Christ Jesus, has set us free from the law of sin, which leads to death.” (Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. [Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995], 174)

“The new law of the Spirit says that only by living in union with Christ Jesus can believers break the power of sin in their lives. It is the Spirit of God who provides victory, and that Spirit is the possession of every true child of God.” (Mounce, 175)

God Sent Jesus

3. “The law was powerless to conquer sin.” (Mounce, 175)

“Because of the sinful corruption of unregenerate people, the law was powerless to produce righteousness (Galatians 3:21).” (MacArthur, 1530)

“But what law could not do, God did by sending his very own Son with a nature that resembled our sinful nature. (Philippians 2:7).” (Mounce, 175)

“If Christ had not taken on our nature, he could not have been one of us. On the other hand, had he become completely like us (i.e., had he sinned), he could not have become our Savior.” (Mounce, 175)

“Although in His Incarnation Christ became fully man, He took only the outward appearance of sinful flesh, because He was completely without sin (Hebrews 4:15). (MacArthur, 1530)

“God’s condemnation against sin was fully poured out on the sinless flesh of Christ (Isaiah 53:4-8; Philippians 2:7).” (MacArthur, 1530)

4. “The indwelling Holy Spirit enables you to walk in obedience to God’s will.” (Wiersbe, 538)

“The Spirit-led Christian, as he yields to the Lord, experiences the sanctifying work of the Spirit in his life.” (Wiersbe, 539) Philippians 2:13

Things of Spirit

5. “A new struggle is brought to our attention. It is no longer the new nature of the believer striving for mastery over sin in the body; It is the Holy Spirit striving against the old nature.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 697)

“The flesh includes the mind.” (McGee, 697) Colossians 1:21

“The natural man strives and even set his heart upon the things of the flesh.” (McGee, 697)

Read Galatians 5:19-21 for the Works of the Flesh.

“No child of God can be happy in living for the things of the flesh.” (McGee, 697)

‘‘They that are after the Spirit’ are born again, regenerated and indwelt by the Spirit of God.” (McGee, 697) Colossians 3:1-2

We need to put ourselves “under the control of the Spirit.” (Mounce, 177)

6. “The unsaved person is alive physically, but dead spiritually.” (Wiersbe, 539)

“The Spirit-controlled mind leads to life and peace.” (Mounce, 177)

7. “The unbeliever’s…basic inclinations and orientation toward gratifying himself—however outwardly religious or moral he may appear—are directly hostile to God.” (MacArthur, 1530)

“Those who have trusted Christ enjoy ‘peace with God’ (Romans 5:1), while the unsaved are at war with God.” (Wiersbe, 539) Isaiah 48:22

8. “Anything that the flesh produces is not acceptable to God. The so-called good work, the civilization, the culture, and man’s vaulted progress are all a stench in the nostrils of God.” (McGee, 699)

In the Spirit

9. “Unless a person has the Spirit of Christ, that person does not belong to Christ.” (Mounce, 178)

“A believer is a new creation. Do you love Him? Do you want to serve Him? Are these things uppermost in your mind and heart? Or are you in rebellion against God?” (McGee, 699)

“The Spirit of God makes His home in every person who trusts in Jesus Christ. Cf. 1 Corinthians 6:19-20; 12:13. When there is no evidence of His presence by the fruit He produces (Galatians 5:22-23), a person has no legitimate claim to Christ as Savior and Lord.” (MacArthur, 1531)

10. The body is dead because of sin [KJV] “The body is unredeemed and dead in sin.” (MacArthur, 1531)

The Spirit is life because of righteousness. [KJV] “It is best to translate the word spirit as the person’s spirit not the Holy Spirit. Paul is saying that if God’s Spirit indwells you (v. 9), the human spirit is alive (cf. Ephesians 2:5) and can manifest true righteousness (cf. v. 4).” (MacArthur, 1531)

11. “The indwelling Holy Spirit is our assurance that our bodies will be raised from the dead (2 Corinthians 5:1-4)…The Holy Spirit will deliver us from the ‘body of his death’—this old nature.” (McGee, 700)

Led by the Spirit

12. “It is not enough for us to have the Spirit; the Spirit must have us! Only then can He share with us the abundant, victorious life that can be ours in Christ.” (Wiersbe, 539)

The flesh [KJV]. “Our unredeemed humanness—that complex of sinful passions that sin generates through its one remaining domain—our bodies.” (MacArthur, 1531)

13. Put to death the deeds of the body [NKJV] Paul “says the Spirit provides us with the energy and power to continually and gradually be killing our sins, a process never completed in this life. The means the Spirit uses to accomplish this process is our faithful obedience to the simple commands of Scripture (Ephesians 5:18; Colossians 3:16; cf. 13:14; Psalm 1:2; 119:11; Luke 22:40; John 17:17; 1 Corinthians 6:18; 9:25-27; 1 Peter 2:11).” (MacArthur, 1531)

“He is also the Spirit of death. He can enable us to ‘put to death’ (mortify) the sinful deeds of the body. As we yield the members of our body to the Spirit (Romans 6:12-17), He applies to us in the death and resurrection of Christ. He put to death the things of the flesh, and He reproduces the things of the Spirit.” (Wiersbe, 539)

14. “God’s Spirit objectively leads His children sometimes through the orchestration of circumstances (Acts 16:17).” (MacArthur, 1531)

This is “through:
(1) illumination, divinely clarifying Scripture to make it understandable to our sinful, finite minds (Luke 24:44-45; 1 Corinthians 2:14-16; Ephesians 1:17-19; cf. Ephesians 3:16-19; Colossians 2:14-16; and

(2) Sanctification, divinely enabling us to obey Scripture (Galatians 5:16-17; 5:25).” (MacArthur, 1531)


15. “The word adoption in the New Testament means ‘being placed as an adult son.’ We come into God’s family by birth. But the instant we are born into the family, God adopts us and gives us the position of an adult son.” (Wiersbe, 540)

Abba. An informal, Aramaic term for Father that conveys a sense of intimacy. Like the English terms ‘Daddy’ or ‘Papa,’ it connotes tenderness, dependence, and a relationship free of or anxiety (cf. Mark 14:36).” (MacArthur, 1531)

16. “God’s Holy Spirit confirms the validity of our adoption, not by some inner, mystical voice, but by the fruit He produces in us (Galatians 5:22-23) and the power He provides for spiritual service (Acts 1:8).” (MacArthur, 1532)

“What our own spirit assures us to be true is strengthened by the powerful inward testimony of God’s Spirit.” (Mounce, 183)

17. “To be a child of God is to be an heir (cf. Galatians 4:7; Titus 3:7).” (Mounce, 183)

“God has appointed His Son to be heir of all things (Hebrews 1:2). Every adopted child will receive by divine grace the full inheritance Christ receives by divine right (cf. Matthew 25:1; John 17:22; 2 Corinthians 8:9).

If…we suffer with Him. Proof of the believer’s ultimate glory is that he suffers—whether it comes a mockery, ridicule, or physical persecution—because of his Lord (Matthew 5:10-12; John 15:18-21; 2 Corinthians 4:17; 2 Timothy 3:12). “(MacArthur, 1532)

“There is no need for the believer to be defeated. He can yield his body to the Spirit and by faith overcome the old nature. The Spirit of life will empower him. The Spirit of death will enable him to overcome the flesh. And the Spirit of adoption will enrich him and lead him into the will of God.” (Wiersbe, 540)


Amplified Bible (AMP)
Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

Sin                                                                                                                   Love of Christ

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Print or Share