Israel had been blinded by their religious practices. There is still a remnant of Jews in the world today who have not departed from God. They have accepted Jesus as their savior.
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“Paul devoted all of Romans 11 to presenting proof that God is not through with Israel. We must not apply this chapter to the church today, because Paul is discussing a literal future for a literal nation.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 549)
1. “Once again Paul posed a rhetorical question. He asked, ‘God did not reject his people, did he?’ The answer is, ‘By no means!’” (Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. [Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995], 214)
2. “In his day, Elijah thought that the nation had totally departed from God (see 1 Kings 19). But Elijah discovered there was a remnant of true believers.” (Wiersbe, 550)
“Israel’s disobedience does not nullify God’s predetermined love relationship with her.”
3. Elijah stood “alone for God against 450 prophets of Baal. And Elijah goes to the Lord to complain. He says, ‘Lord, I am all alone, I am the only one left.’ God says, ‘wait a minute, you think you are alone, but you are not.’” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 721)
4. “If there were seven thousand men who had not bowed the knee to Baal, then it follows that there were about twice as many women who did not bow the knee either.” (McGee, 721)
5. “God always had a remnant in Israel. That remnant today is composed of those Jews who have come to Christ. This is the reason Paul will say later that all Israel is not Israel.” (McGee, 721)
6. “There remained a remnant chosen by grace (v. 5; 9:27). This remnant (Jewish Christians) did not exist because of works they had done but because they had been selected by God on the basis of his won unmerited favor.” (Mounce, 215)
7. Israel…what it seeks [NKJV]. “In spite of their intense religious zeal, the Jews of Paul’s day had failed to obtain God’s righteousness (9:31-32; 10:2-3).” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1541)
The elect [NKJV]. “Those whom God graciously had chosen in turn sought and found His righteousness.” (MacArthur, 1541)
“What had happened to the rest of the nation? They had been hardened (a better translation than ‘blinded’).” (Wiersbe, 550)
9-10. This is cited from “Psalm 69:22-23. This psalm is one of the most important of the messianic psalms and is referred to several times in the New Testament.” (Wiersbe, 550)
“Their ‘table to become a snare’ means that their blessings turn into burdens and judgment.” (Wiersbe, 550)
“Their very religious practices and observance became substitutes for the real experience of salvation. Sad to say, this same mistake is made today when people depend on religious rituals and practices instead of trusting in the Christ who is pictured in these activities.” (Wiersbe, 550)
Amplified Bible (AMP)
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Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004