Jesus is the Suffering Servant who suffered for our sins and was crucified on a Roman cross so we might not die in our sins.
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4. This “section of the poem focuses on the servant’s vicarious suffering for the sins of others.” (Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. [Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009], 447)
“The text of Isaiah repeatedly indicates that the Servant bore the sins of others. Leviticus 16:7-10, 20-22 describes the scapegoat bearing the sins of the people into the wilderness, which is a substitutionary bearing of sin (as in 53:4-6).” (Smith, 448)
5. Jesus “did not die because of anything He had done, but because of what we had done.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002], 60)
“He was ‘wounded,’ which; means ‘pierced through.’ His hand and feet were pierced by nails (Psalm 22:16; Luke 24:39-40) and His side by a spear (John 19:31-37; Zechariah 12:10; Revelation 1:7). He was crucified, which was not a Jewish form of execution (John 12:32-33; 18:31-32.” (Wiersbe, 60)
We need to remember that it is by His wounds we are healed [NASB].
6. The people need to “humble themselves and confess that ‘they went astray’ like wandering sheep that follow their own path.” (Smith, 452)
“The iniquity of others ‘meet, struck, fell on’ the servant, thus explain the load he had to bear in 53:4.” (Smith, 452)
“Under the Law of Moses, the sheep died for the shepherd; but under grace, the Good Shepherd died for the sheep (John 10:1-18).” (Wiersbe, 60)
7. “Jesus Christ was silent before those who accused Him as well as those who afflicted him. He was silent before Caiaphas (Matthew 26:62-63), the chief priests and elders (27:12), Pilate (27:14; John 19:9) and Herod Antipas (Luke 23:9).” (Wiersbe, 60)
8. “Isaiah 53:7 speaks of His silence under suffering and verse 8 of His silence when illegally tried and condemned to death.” (Wiersbe, 61)
“The second half of 53:8 indicates that the Servant died.” (Smith 454)
9. “They buried him with the wicked, who do not even get last rites and ceremonies. They even put him out with the rich enemies instead of with his own people. He had done nothing to deserve such horrible treatment.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
10. “Since Jesus Christ was crucified with criminals as a criminal, it was logical that His dead body would be left unburied, but God had other plans.” (Wiersbe, 61)
“The suffering of God’s servant was a guilt offering (Lev. 5:14-19) when in the exile with the temple destroyed there was no chance for such offerings.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
“The guilt offering was not for the servant’s sins, but for those of the people.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
11. “The Servant’s work on the cross brought satisfaction. The Servant satisfied the heart of the Father, ‘I will do always those things that please him [the Father] (John 8:29)” (Wiersbe, 61)
12. “The Judge took the place of the criminals and met the just demands of His own holy Law!” (Wiersbe, 61)
“The Law has been satisfied, and God can now graciously forgive all who receive His Son.” (Wiersbe, 61)
“Grace is love that has paid a price, and sinners are saved by grace (Ephesians 2:8-10). Grace justifies the ungodly when they trust Jesus Christ!” (Wiersbe, 61)
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Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
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New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)
Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002