God is faithful and forgives those who ask for forgiveness. He gives us the confidence we need to accept Him as our Savior.
This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.
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1. “The image in this chapter is that of Jehovah, the faithful husband, forgiving Israel, the unfaithful wife, and restoring her to the place of blessing.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002], 62)
“The female figure who is the ‘barren one’, whose husband is God, surely must refer to the city of Zion.” (Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. Nashville, [B & H Publishing Group, 2009], 476)
2. “The nation Israel has never occupied the entire land given to them by the Lord. The land God marked out for them in Joshua 1:4 is about 300,000 square miles. Even in Israel’s heyday, when they reached their zenith under David and Solomon, they only occupied 30,000 square miles—that is quite a difference.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 317)
“If a family wanted to expand their living space all the women had to do was to sew some more goat skins together to make the roof larger and then add a curtain or two for privacy. “(Smith, 478)
3. “The Gentiles have occupied most of the Land of Promise—they have it today.” (McGee, 317)
“Israel would experience a population explosion beyond anything imaginable.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
4. “Israel’s restoration to her land will also mean confidence (Isaiah 54:4-10) Isaiah gives another one of his ‘fear not’ promises (41:10, 13, 14; 43:1, 5; 44:2, 8; 51:7; 54:14) and explains why there was no need for the nation to be afraid.” (Wiersbe, 62)
“They could forget the shame of their sins as a young nation, as recorded in Judges and 1 Samuel, as well as the reproach of their ‘widowhood’ in Babylonian Captivity.” (Wiersbe, 62)
5. “Another reason for confidence is the steadfast love of the Lord. Jehovah is their Maker and would not destroy the people he created for His glory.” (Wiersbe, 63)
6. “God would call her back and woo her to Himself (Hosea 2:14-23), and she would no longer be ‘a wife deserted’ (Isaiah 54:6, NIV).”
“Israel is today like a wife that had been divorced for adultery. That is the figure of speech that is used.” (McGee, 317)
7. “A third reason for confidence is the dependable promise of God. With great mercies will I gather thee. [KJV]” (Wiersbe, 63)
8. “Whenever we rebel against God and refuse to listen to His warning, He must chasten us, and He does it in love (Hebrews 12:1-11). Our Father cannot permit His children to sin and get away with it.” (Wiersbe, 63)
“In spite of Zion’s past sinful failures, God’s love will go far beyond any legal obligation God has to his people through the covenant; this is an eternal love that passionately express itself in deep motherly love for those he has chosen.” (Smith, 484)
9. “This comparison is not about the land being punished by the flood but about God’s everlasting promise after the flood.” (Smith 484)
Remember that God promised not to destroy the earth with another great floor.” (Smith, 484) (Genesis 8:21; 9:11)
10. “If you feel that God is going to break His covenant which He made with Abraham, Isaiah would have you know that you are wrong. God will not break His covenant; He will never break it.” (McGee, 317)
11. “Not only will the captives be set free and the nation restored, but also the city of Jerusalem will be rebuilt (Isaiah 54:11-17). If the language here seems extravagant, keep in mind that the prophet sees both an immediate fulfillment and an ultimate fulfillment (Revelation 21:18-21).” (Wiersbe, 63)
12. “The restored Jerusalem was nothing like what Isaiah describes here! For that beautiful city, we must wait till the return of the Lord and the establishing His kingdom.” (Wiersbe, 63)
13-14. “Then every citizen of Jerusalem will know the Lord (Isaiah 54:13), and the city will be free from terror and war (v. 14). (Wiersbe, 63)
“When righteousness reigns in Zion, the world of oppression, tyranny, fear, destruction, and terror will be a thing of the past. This will be a new world without war and evil (cf. 2:4).” (Smith, 490)
“This is an eschatological promise that embodies Israel’s hope: it is not a promise of what life will be like in the time of Isaiah or after the exile.” (Smith, 490)
15. “The hypothetically conditional part of the sentence assures the audience that if perchance one ‘actually made war’ against Zion, this will not be God’s doing.” (Smith, 490)
“God seems to be saying that he will no longer have any need to send enemies to judge his people since they are righteous.” (Smith, 490)
“God would begin his own education program so the children would learn peace at a tender age. No longer would tyranny and terror rule the land. God would bring what he had sought all along— righteousness (cp. 1:17, 21, 26, 27).” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
16. God is not going to create weapons or anyone to use the weapons.
17. Also, God is not going to allow anyone to use weapons against Israel.
“These blessings will be the inheritance of the ‘servants of the Lord’ (this is the first time this terms is used), a plural term that refers to a group of people who act like the singular ‘Servant of the Lord.’” (Smith, 492)
“No weapon could prevail against Israel, since God formed those who made weapons. He also formed any potential enemy who might work havoc.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
“No one would have reason to complain to God again. He would be vindicated as he saved his people.” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
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Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
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New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002