Israel’s sin caused God to send Babylon to Jerusalem, destroy the city and temple, and take captives back to Babylon.
This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.
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1. “The prophet is pleading with God just as the remnant of Israel will do in that day of the Great Tribulation.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 343)
“The call for help is phrased in drastic terms: ‘Do what you used to do. Tear the heavens apart and come down to us.’” (Note that in the Hebrew text this is the conclusion to 63:19.)” [Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com]
2. “This verse uses a comparison related to the way fire kindles ‘stubble, brushwood’ hamasim, an unknown term that is only found here in the Hebrew Bible (cf. Malachi 4:1).” (Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. [Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009], 685)
“The second comparison comments on how fire makes water boil, but it is not connected with the verse very well. These two references to fire must be comparisons that help the reader to understand the brilliance and hotness of the first that is associated with the appearance of God’s glory (60:1-3; Exodus 19:18; Ezekiel 1:4,27).” (Smith, 686)
3. “Now comes a reference to past examples of the power of God’s theophany when he appeared in all his brilliant glory.” (Smith, 686)
4. “Paul expresses this same thought in 1 Corinthians 2:9. (McGee, 343) See also 1 Corinthians 2:10
“God has planned for His people wonderful things beyond their imagination, but their sins prevent Him from sharing His blessings. (1 Corinthians 2:9; Ephesians 3:20-21).” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002], 69)
5. “Why is God not working wonders? They have sinned and must confess their sins and turn from them. If our righteousness is filthy, what must our sins look like in His sight! (Wiersbe, 69)
6. “The confession of sin continues with the honest admission that uncleanness has infected everyone in the community; no one is righteous not even one (cf. 1 Kings 8:46).” (Smith, 690)
7. “The situation has become so bad that no people ‘call’ on God’s name to confess their sins or to pray for those who were swept away by their iniquities.” (Smith 691)
8. “Since God formed this clay into Israel, his covenant nation (43:1,7,21; 44:21), he must value it and show some love for what he made.” (Smith, 693)
9. “This prayer does not say that all suffering should stop immediately or that God was unfair to punish them for their sins, but it does ask for relief and compassion from severe persecution or oppression.” (Smith, 693)
10. “The description given in this verse was not true in Isaiah’s day, but it came to pass shortly afterwards when Babylon came against Jerusalem. (McGee, 344)
11. “Isaiah writes as if this has already taken place, but it didn’t happen until about one hundred years after Isaiah. The temple was destroyed at the same time Jerusalem was destroyed.” (McGee, 345)
12. “God rejected Israel only after they rejected Him, but it did not thwart His plan and purpose for them and for the earth. God has carried through with His program which is yet to the finalized.” (McGee, 345)
Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.
New American Standard Bible (NASB)
New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
Max Anders and Trent C. Butler (2012). HOTC Vol. 15: Isaiah. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://read.lifeway.com
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume III. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
Smith, Gary V., The New American Commentary, Volume 15B, Isaiah 40-66. Nashville, B & H Publishing Group, 2009
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Old Testament Prophets. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2002