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John 19:17 Crucifixion

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Jesus had been humiliated and hurt. Now He is on the way to the Crucifixion where He will die for the sins of the world including you and me.

This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.

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John 19:17-30

17. After His “trail” Jesus was led out to Golgotha for the crucifixion.

He was carrying His own cross.

“Crucifixion probably had its origin among the Persians and Phoenicians, but it was the Romans who made special use of it. No Roman citizen could be crucified, though there were exceptions. This mode of capital punishment was reserved for the lowest kind of criminals, particularly those who promoted insurrection.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 382)

“It was customary for the criminal to carry his cross, or at least the crossbeam, from the hall of judgment to the place of execution. Jesus began the mile-long walk carrying the cross, but He was relieved by Simon of Cyrene, whom the Roman soldiers ‘drafted’ to do the job.” (Wiersbe, 382) Mark 15:21

18. “Jesus was made to lie on the ground while His arms were stretched out and nailed to the horizontal beam that He carried. The beam was then hoisted up, along with the victim, and fastened to the vertical beam. His feet were nailed to the vertical beam.” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1419)

“That Jesus was crucified with two notorious thieves only added to the shame. But it also fulfilled Isaiah 53:12…He was treated like a common criminal!” (Wiersbe, 383)

King of the Jews



“The custom in such executions was to place a placard or tablet around the neck of the victim as he made his way to execution. The tablet would then be nailed to the victim’s cross (see Matthew 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38). Pilate used this opportunity for mocking revenge on the Jews who had so intimidated him into this execution.” (MacArthur, 1421)

23-24. “Apparently His garment is a peasant’s garment but a good one. Someone had made it for Him. The soldiers cast lots for it—shot dice at the foot of the cross. Although these Romans do not know it, they are fulfilling the Scriptures: ‘They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture’ (Psalm 22:18).” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV: [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 492)

“It is notable that David precisely described a form of execution that he had never seen. The passage was typologically prophetic of Jesus, David’s heir to the messianic throne (see Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34).” (Psalm 22:18) (MacArthur, 1421)



“His hour is come. He is to die, but He will rise again. He is to be glorified. His relationship to His mother is to be severed. To her, as well as to us, He is to be the glorified Christ. His resurrection will clear her name forever. Her reputation will be vindicated. But she must come to Christ in faith just as every other believer comes. While He is dying for the sins of the world, He will not neglect her. We know that Mary will be praying with the disciples in the Upper Room after His resurrection (see Acts 1:14), as after that she drops out of the picture. As long as she lived John would keep her in his home and care for her, as the Lord Jesus asked him to do.” (McGee, 493)

“Do not confuse Mary Magdalene with the ‘sinful woman’ described in Luke 7:36ff. Jesus had delivered Mary Magdalene from demons (Mark 16:9; Luke 8:2), and she used her resources to assist Jesus in His ministry.” (Wiersbe, 383)

26. His Mother-“Jesus assured her of His love, and he gave His choicest disciple, who rested on His bosom, to be her adopted son and to care for her. Whether that moment John took Mary away from the scene and took her home, we do not know. We do know that he cared for her.” (Wiersbe, 383)

27. “Even while He was performing the great work of redemption, Jesus was faithful to His responsibilities as a son. What an honor it was for John to take his Lord’s place in Mary’s life!” (Wiersbe, 383)

It Is Finished

28. “In order to fulfill the Scriptures (Psalm 69:21), He said, ‘I thirst.’ He was enduring real physical suffering for He had a real human body…There were physical reasons for His thirst (Psalm 22:15), but there were also spiritual reasons (Psalm 42:1-2).” (Wiersbe, 384)

29. “One of the soldiers took pity of Jesus and moistened His lips with the cheap vinegar wine the soldiers drank. We must not imagine Jesus hanging many feet up in the air, almost inaccessible. His feet were perhaps three or four feet from the ground, so it would be easy for the man to put a sponge at the end of a reed and give Jesus a drink.” (Wiersbe, 384)

30. “The drink of vinegar did not fully quench His thirst, but it did enable Him to utter that shout of triumph, in a loud voice, ‘It is finished!” (Wiersbe, 384)

Seven Statements

“First, He thought of others;
those who crucified Him (Luke 23:34),
the believing thief (Luke 23:39-43),
and His mother (John 19:25-27).”
The central word had to do with His relationship to the Father (Matthew 27:45-49),
and the last three statements focused on Himself:
His body (John 19:28-29),
His soul (John 19:30);
and see Isaiah 53:10
and His Spirit (Luke 23:46).

“While it is true that our Lord’s sufferings were now finished, there is much more included in this dramatic word. Many Old Testament types and prophecies were now fulfilled, and the once-for-all sacrifice for sin now had been completed.” (Wiersbe, 384)


Amplified Bible (AMP)
Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.

In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.

Borchert, Gerald L., The New American Commentary Volume 25B, John 12-21. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2002
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV: Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004

Crown of Thorns                                                                                     Burial

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