God shows all of us His mercy. What is it based on and how do we receive it? Do you accept Him or depend on family, your ethnic, or your religion? This tells you what to believe. Will you accept it?
This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.
If you do not have a Bible, I invite you to go to BibleGateway.com or another online Bible.
14. “Paul then anticipated another objection. If God elected with sovereign freedom, then was he not guilty of injustice?” (Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. [Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995], 199)
God Forbid. (KJV). “God is not unjust in his action.” (Mounce, 199)
15. God “determines who receives mercy.” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1537)
16. “Election is always totally a matter of grace. If God acted only on the basis of righteousness, nobody would ever be saved. Paul quoted Exodus 33:19 to show that God’s mercy and compassion are extended according to God’s will and not man’s will.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 543)
Who runs [NKJV]. “Salvation is not merited by human effort.” (MacArthur, 1537)
17. “God does sovereignly choose who will serve His purposes and how.” (MacArthur, 1537)
“Undoubtedly, Pharaoh thought his position and actions were of his own free choice to accomplish his own purposes, but in reality he was there to serve God’s purpose.” (MacArthur, 1537)
My name [KJV]. “The sum of the character of God.” (MacArthur, 1537) (cf. Exodus 34:5-7)
18. “When the Scriptures say that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart, it means that God forced Pharaoh to make the decision that was in his heart. God forced him to do the thing he wanted to do.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 713)
“There never will be a person in hell who did not choose to be there, my friend. You are the one who makes your own decision.” (McGee, 713)
19. “If God in his sovereignty has mercy on some and hardens the hearts of others, on what possible basis can he find fault with those he excludes?” (Mounce, 203)
20. “The nature of Paul’s reply makes it clear that he is not addressing those with honest questions about this difficult doctrine, but those who seek to use it to excuse their own sin and unbelief.” (MacArthur, 1538)
21. Using the familiar OT analogy of the potter (cf. Isaiah 64:6-8; Jeremiah 18:3-16), Paul argues that it is as irrational, and far more arrogant, to men to question God’s choice of certain sinners for salvation, as for a piece of pottery to question the purposes of the potter.” (MacArthur, 1538)
22. “God could justly destroy sinners the first time they sin. But He patiently endures their rebellion rather than giving them what every sin deserves: eternal punishment.” (MacArthur 1538)
“Paul shows that God deals in patience and mercy even with the vessels of wrath. God did not fit them for destruction; the rebellion and sin of the clay made them ripe for judgment.” (McGee, 714)
23. “Although God hates sin and must judge it in a most final manner, His mercy is constantly going out to the creatures involved.” (McGee, 714)
24. Ultimately, of course, God’s purpose was to form His church from both Jews and Gentiles. Believers today are, by God’s grace, ‘vessels of mercy’ that He is preparing for glory, a truth that reminds us of Romans 8:29-30.” (Wiersbe, 545)
25. “First Paul quoted Hosea 2:23, a statement declaring that God would turn from the Jews and call the Gentiles. (Wiersbe, 545)
26. Then he cited Hosea 1:10 to prove that this new people being called would be God’s people and ‘children of the living God.” (Wiersbe, 545)
27-28. “Turning to the plight of the Jewish nation, Paul quoted Isaiah, who declared that though the Israelites were as countless as the sands of the sea, only a remnant would be saved (Isaiah 10:22-23).” (Mounce, 203)
“Only a remnant of Israel will be saved in the Great Tribulation Period.” (McGee, 723)
“Now don’t ask me why—it is God that shows mercy. If He saved only one, it would reveal the mercy of God, because none of us deserve His mercy.” (McGee, 715)
29. “Even the elect nation would have been like Sodom and Gomorrah in depravity and rebellion to God if He had not intervened in sovereign mercy and recovered a remnant…Only God’s mercy keeps any of us from going to hell.” (McGee, 715) Isaiah 1:9
30. “Gentiles, without willing or working, found righteousness in Christ because God worked and God willed it. The Old Testament Scriptures had prophesied it. As we have seen, Isaiah had said that Gentiles were to be saved.” (McGee, 715)
31. “The Jews tried to produce a righteousness of their own through the Mosaic system…Religious people are the most difficult people to reach with the gospel—church members, who think they are good enough to be save.” (McGee, 715)
32. “Paul’s final quotation was from Isaiah 28:16. It referred to Christ, God’s Stone of salvation (see Psalm 118:22). God gave Christ to be a Foundation Stone, but Israel rejected Him and He became a stumbling stone.”
33. See Isaiah 8:14; 28:16
“God does not save people on the basis of birth or behavior. He saves them ‘by grace, through faith’ (Ephesians 2:8-9).” (Wiersbe, 545)
“First we must trust Him and receive by faith His righteousness that alone can guarantee heaven.” (Wiersbe, 545)
Amplified Bible (AMP)
Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004