Salvation is a free gift from Jesus. He died for our sins. We have to have faith to receive this gift and believe in Him.
This is a Bible Study. Have your own Bible handy to look up the references mentioned.
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1. “Israel considered the Gentiles in need of salvation, but certainly not the Jews…Israel would have been happy for political salvation from Rome, but she did not feel she needed spiritual salvation from her own sin.” (Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. [Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004], 546)
2. The Israelites “pursued righteousness but failed to achieve it because they sought it by personal merit rather than by faith. The deep longing of Paul’s heart was that his countrymen experience salvation.” (Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. [Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995], 206)
Zeal for God. [NKJV]. Demonstrated by legalist conformity to the law and fierce opposition to Judaism’s opponents (Acts 22:3; 26:4-5; Galatians 1:13-14; Philippians 3:5-6).” (MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. [Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005], 1539)
3. “They were proud of their own good works and religious self-righteousness, would not admit their sins and trust the Savior.” (Wiersbe, 436)
4. “The law is brought to an end so that righteousness may be within the reach of all who believe.” (Mounce, 207)
“Christ is ‘the end of the law’ in the sense that through His death and resurrection, He has terminated the ministry of the law for those who believe. The law is ended as far as Christians are concerned.” (Romans 6:14) (Wiersbe, 547)
5. “In this paragraph Paul contrasted two kinds of righteousness. The first is the righteousness that has its origin in the law.” (Mounce, 208)
The righteousness which is of the law [NKJV]. “A righteous standing before God on the basis of obedience to the law…To hope for a righteousness based on obedience to the law requires perfect conformity in every detail. (Leviticus 18:5; Galatians 3:10; James 2:10; cf. Deuteronomy 27:26—utter impossibility.” (MacArthur, 1539)
“Moses urged them to receive the Word in their hearts (see Deuteronomy 5:29; 6:5-12; 13:3; 30:6). The emphasis in Deuteronomy is on the heart, the inner spiritual condition, and not mere outward acts of obedience.” (Wiersbe, 547)
6-7. “The righteousness that is based on faith is quite different. It does not require valiant exploits such as bring Christ down from heaven or up from the grave (vv. 6-7). (Mounce, 208)
“In Deuteronomy, Moses was telling the people that they did not have to climb up to heaven or cross the sea to discover the will of God. Paul applied the passage to the availability of the message of salvation.” (Mounce, 208)
8. Faith “is available right where you are sitting. A great many folk think they have to go to an altar in some sort of meeting to be saved. But salvation is available to you right where you are now.” (McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. [Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983], 718)
9. “Paul is saying that man needs to bring into agreement, his confession and his life. The mouth and the heart should be in harmony saying the same thing.” (McGee, 718)
Paul “made it clear in Romans 10:9-10 that salvation is by faith—we believe in the heart, receive God’s righteousness, and then confess Christ openly and without shame.” (Wiersbe, 547)
“Those who come to Christ by faith are acknowledging that they have placed themselves entirely and without reserve under his authority to carry out without hesitation whatever he may choose for them to do. There is no such thing as salvation apart from lordship.” (Mounce, 209)
10. “This is the deep personal conviction, without reservation, that Jesus is that person’s own master or sovereign. This phrase includes repenting from sin, trusting Jesus for salvation, and submitting to Him as Lord.” (MacArthur, 1539)
11. “At this point Paul quoted Isaiah 28:16 to show that salvation is by faith.” (Wiersbe, 547)
“Paul is quoting Isaiah to enforce his previous statement that the ‘by faith righteousness’ is taught in other passages of the Old Testament. This passage also shows the universal character of salvation in the word whosoever.” (McGee, 719)
12. “There is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek (or Gentile)—all have sinned and come short of the glory of God…Salvation is offered to all people on the same basis of mercy—by faith. Hear and believe the gospel.” (McGee, 719)
Amplified Bible (AMP)
Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville Tennessee. All rights reserved.
New King James Version (NKJV)
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
In this article Scripture quotations taken from KJV.
McGee, J. Vernon, Thru the Bible: Volume IV. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983
MacArthur, John, The MacArthur Bible Commentary. Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc., 2005
Mounce, Robert H, The New American Commentary, Volume 27, Romans. Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995
Wiersbe, Warren W, The Bible Exposition Commentary New Testament Volume 1 Matthew-Galatians. Colorado Springs: David C Cook, 2004